Carpet Design, Carpet types

What is a Gabbeh Carpet?

gabbeh carpet

Gabbeh or bear rug has a long tradition. Historians have not been able to find the reason for choosing the name Gabbeh for this type of carpet, but in the past, humans use Gabbeh to prevent the cold. Gabbeh has long warp and weft threads and, like kilim, made from the wool of domestic animals like sheep.

Gabbeh has different shapes with short and long piles. It has a simple pattern and, the length of the heaps have a significant effect on its softness. On average, the height of the pile reaches one centimeter.

Nomaden Teppich
Nomaden Teppich
Nomaden Teppich
Nomaden Teppich
Carpet Unamourdetapis code-TAPIS002943
Carpet Unamourdetapis code-TAPIS002943

In ancient times, Gabbeh had mostly the natural color of animal wool, and gradually they use various plant and natural colors to dye the yarn. Today, however, standard industrial paints are also helpful.

In Iran, Gabbeh weaved mainly by nomads and is more common in Khorasan, Bushehr, Shiraz, and Lorestan.

Gabbeh’s patterns are unique and taken from the mind and surroundings of a nomad. These patterns are frequently geometric shapes, flowers, chickens and trees, star designs, and novel and eye-catching designs. Their texture is regular and does not follow symmetry but at the same time gives warmth and hope to the house.

It is necessary to maintain and take care of this type of carpet. The more careful the care of Gabbeh or the bear rug, the more expensive it becomes. For proper maintenance, you should keep Gabbehs away from direct sunlight and insects to prevent the destruction of their fabric.

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